EVENTS & ACTION STEPS
Olson Memorial Highway, or Highway 55, is an urban highway running through North Minneapolis. It is one of many urban highways that divides communities, pollutes the environment, and creates a hazardous environment for nearby residents. Olson Memorial Highway has a uniquely devastating history, as the construction of the highway was at the expense of a thriving Black cultural corridor along 6th Avenue N that was home to dozens of shops, businesses and music venues.
Some of these concerns were to be addressed with the construction of the Blue Line Light Rail Extension on Olson Memorial Highway. The light rail project was set to bring modest but much needed traffic safety improvements as well as robust public transit service. However, after years of planning and development, the Metropolitan Council re-routed the Blue Line Extension and planned safety and transit improvements disappeared. Harrison and other Near North neighborhoods are now left to deal with the negative impacts of this broken promise.
Our Streets Minneapolis and the Harrison Neighborhood Association are leading a campaign to address the harms of Olson Memorial Highway and reclaim the highway land to reconstruct 6th Avenue N.
We will continue organizing until the Minnesota Department of Transportation, the Minneapolis Public Housing Authority, the Metropolitan Council, Hennepin County and relevant elected officials and partners give a public commitment to:
- Completing safety improvements by 2023
- Returning the land to the community and restore the corridor to 6th Avenue North via a highway-to-boulevard conversion, with construction beginning by 2026
- Committing to the implementation of the Bring Back 6th housing & community development benchmarks
UPDATE: MnDOT's project falls short of community needs
The Minnesota Department of Transportation, City of Minneapolis, and Hennepin County have launched a project that falls well short of the community’s demands and expectations for safety improvements on Olson Memorial Highway, and includes no public commitment to Bring Back 6th! We're organizing for a full project timeline, inclusion of Phase 1 improvements, and for improvements to be made permanent. Read a comparison of the community's demands vs MnDOT's proposal here.
A Response from the Minnesota Department of Transportation
Since launching the Bring Back 6th campaign, we have knocked over 1000 doors and received hundreds of signatures in support of this better future. We’re happy to share that your voices have been heard. We received an official response from past MnDOT commissioner Margaret Anderson Kelliher acknowledging this campaign and MnDOT’s current plans for Olson Memorial Highway. Thank you to everyone who volunteered, signed the petition, and supported this important work. Read the letter and our response here.
Have a question about the Bring Back 6th vision? Visit our Frequently Asked Questions
A Vision for the Future
Today, Olson Memorial Highway is a 6-lane wide highway that divides Near North Minneapolis. The speed limit on the corridor is 40 MPH, though vehicle traffic often moves much faster. The highway includes few locations for people walking, rolling or biking to cross and insufficient public transportation options. This especially critical for the 1 in 5 households along the corridor who do not own a car.
Olson Memorial Highway does not serve Near North communities. We’re leading this campaign to bring a future beyond the highway. Our team compiled research and community feedback to develop a set of recommendations for the corridor.
Phase 1: Immediate improvements to the Olson Memorial Highway Corridor
Every year, people are killed and seriously injured in crashes on Olson Memorial Highway. The wide crossing distances and high traffic speeds make crossing the highway unpleasant and unsafe. The current infrastructure presents urgent concerns that need to be addressed immediately.
We calling on the Minnesota Department of Transportation to commit to:
Complete quick-build safety & multi-modal access improvements by 2023. We are recommending following quick-build safety improvements to Olson Memorial Highway between Lyndale Ave and Upton Ave:
- Restripe the roadway to the following configuration in each direction: 6' bike lane, 11' dedicated bus lane, 11' general purpose lane, 11' general purpose lane with dedicated left turn lanes where adequate right-of-way exists.
- Lower the posted speed limit to 25 mph
- Improve lighting for pedestrians
- Mark crosswalks at all intersections and mid-block crossings
- Add leading pedestrian intervals and adjust walk signal timing so everyone, including people who are mobility impaired and parents with small children, have adequate time to cross the street
- Use visual indicators, including artist designed crosswalks, to mark pedestrian crossings
- Use paint and bollards to add pedestrian bump-outs on cross streets
- Study the restoration of 6th Avenue North via a highway-to-boulevard conversion and returning highway right-of-way to the community and create a project to implement these changes
As part of phase 1, we are also calling on Hennepin County, City of Minneapolis, Minneapolis Public Housing Authority and the Metropolitan Council to:
- Halt development on adjacent parcels of publicly owned land and place them in a community land trust.
- Support and collaborate on future studies related to Bring Back 6th with the Minnesota Department of Transportation.
- Attend a forum to make a public commitment to these demands. Details of the forum including date/time will be announced in early May 2022.
Phase 2: Replace the highway with a reconstructed 6th Avenue North boulevard and commercial corridor
This phase focuses on a long-term vision to remove the highway as it is now and restore a walkable main street for Near North communities. Any and all of the adjoining parcels of publicly owned land that are included in the highway removal process should remain publicly owned and be placed in a publicly held land trust to ensure development benefits the community. We calling on the Minnesota Department of Transportation to commit to:
- Reconstruction of Olson Memorial Highway into a restored 6th Avenue N boulevard and commercial corridor, with construction beginning in 2026
- Put the remaining right-of-way in the publicly held land trust. This land will be used to rebuild a walkable 6th Avenue North commercial corridor.
- Commit to the implementation of the relevant Bring Back 6th housing & community development benchmarks, including local hiring goals and community engagement best practices
As part of phase 2, we are also calling on Hennepin County, City of Minneapolis, Minneapolis Public Housing Authority and the Metropolitan Council to:
- Work in partnership with the Near North community to co-create a plan for reparative investment to the corridor
Commit to the implementation of the Bring Back 6th housing & community development benchmarks
- The creation of an incubator program for local neighborhood residents to develop independently owned businesses along the corridor
- Policies to ensure that affordable housing truly meets the needs of the community, with priority given to current Harrison and Near North residents, residents who were displaced due to the initial Blue Line Extension route announcement, and former residents of the Sumner-Field, Glenwood, Lyndale, and Olson public housing communities
- This includes:
Renderings have been provided by Jordan van der Hagen.
Restorative Justice for North Minneapolis
Government agencies have created planning processes that overlook the voices of our immigrant, refugee, low-wealth and BIPOC communities and cater to the economic interests of outside developers and affluent residents. These intentional choices about transportation projects have brought destruction and displacement to our communities — over and over again.
As we begin to engage in conversations around removing Olson Memorial Highway, we see the same entrenched processes and political interests once again threatening the families and small business owners who are the fabric of our beloved neighborhoods.
We demand that changes on Olson Memorial Highway intentionally seek to repair historic harms and invest in the well-being of our neighborhoods.
Our vision is a community-centered planning process that commits to a racial justice framework and restorative approach that intentionally directs economic, social and environmental benefits of highway removal to immigrant/refugee, low-wealth and BIPOC communities along the project corridor — and beyond.
Rebuilding a Vibrant Community
Harrison and Near North were once centered around the vibrant 6th Avenue North. Today, the community lacks walkable access to grocery stores and local businesses, communal spaces, quality transit, and other core amenities. Instead of a highway, we could have…
Since the initial announcement of the Blue Line Extension, nearly 500 units have been built or are currently in development in Harrison; however, only 50 are affordable to the average Harrison household. Any plans to reconstruct the highway must prioritize affordable housing options that are truly affordable for our community members. Space freed up by highway removal should be used to create more public housing rental units and restore the 770 units of public housing that were lost due to privatization and demolition in the early 2000s. In addition to more rental units, Harrison and Near North communities need accessible paths to homeownership.
Keeping Public Land Public
Olson Memorial Highway currently occupies over 26 acres of land between Upton and Lyndale Avenue N. This doesn’t include the frontage roads and many parcels of land along the highway that are publicly owned. A key part of this vision is to return highway land to neighborhoods and preserve existing publicly owned land along the corridor. This land should be preserved for the development of locally-owned, community-serving businesses and the construction of publicly-owned housing.
Employment & Opportunities
The State of Minnesota currently sets regional hiring goals for underrepresented populations in public works projects, including women and people of color. Unfortunately, little effort has been made to enforce, recruit and develop workers from these communities and these targets are rarely met. This project could be an opportunity to recommit to these goals and set a new standard for inclusive hiring practices.
Our proposal to reconstruct 6th Avenue North includes aggressive hiring targets. These include goals to have the project’s workforce be composed of 30% women and 48% people of color, with one third of the total workforce recruited from the surrounding neighborhoods of North Minneapolis. These goals are important tools to prioritize equity and use this project as a catalyst to welcome a more diverse workforce into the trades. In addition, we propose accountability measures to ensure more than half of new residences and retail businesses created due to redevelopment along the corridor should be owned by long-time residents of North Minneapolis. This will assist in restoring the local economic prosperity that once existed on 6th Avenue North.
Community Engagement & Consent
The communities surrounding Olson Memorial Highway have faced a cycle of displacement and broken promises. A key part of Bring Back 6th! is community engagement and consent. We're out in the community talking to neighbors and shaping this vision to suit their needs. Any future project by MnDOT and other related parties should also center community engagement. As part of our Housing and Community Benchmarks, we're calling on decision makers to engage the community at every step of the planning process:
- All project information and updates should be communicated to local residents and businesses via a variety of mediums and all major languages along the corridor
- Public comments should be actively solicited throughout the project process in a manner that is accessible and understandable to all, including accessibility best practices that allow for all members of the community to participate. These include but are not limited to: ASL and language interpreters as needed, alternative forms of communication for non-speakers, closed captions and physical accessibility as needed.
- MnDOT project staff should not using leading or confusing questions during public engagement and should fully explain all of the potential project alternatives and the costs and benefits associated with them
- Public comment sessions should be more frequent and should be held during varying times of the day and week to make it easier for working class people to attend.
- Project leadership and staff should make themselves available for public forums and comment sessions at the request of community groups and advocacy organizations
- A community working group should be created to oversee the engagement process and ensure that the project is effectively meeting community needs. Membership should include advocacy organizations that work on issues of transportation, housing, accessibility or disability justice and environmental justice, neighborhood organizations from the project corridor and community members. Membership should be representative of the project area in race, income and disability.
- 100% of the households in the project area should be contacted in writing and electronically in advance of key project deadlines, including the selection of the preferred alternative. Written notice should be written in plain language to allow for ease of understanding and accessibility.
- Through this engagement, project staff should achieve and be able to publicly demonstrate a minimum 60% approval rate from a population representative of the project area in race, income and disability before selecting a preferred alternative.
The History of Harm and Broken Promises:
The Destruction of 6th Avenue North
Where Olson Memorial Highway lies today was once a vibrant, predominately Black-owned business corridor along 6th Avenue North. The community had access to grocery stores, bakeries, entertainment, shopping, and more. It’s numerous bars and music venues formed the heart of the Twin Cities jazz community. The area was also a cornerstone of the Jewish community in Minneapolis.
Construction of the highway was approved in 1933. By the end of the 1930s, hundreds of businesses and homes along the route were completely destroyed and replaced with a wide highway cutting through the neighborhoods. Transportation policies at the time were rooted in racism, making it common for highways to be built through Black and Brown communities. In total, 1 in 20 Minneapolis residents lost their home to freeway construction. This devastation was not experienced equally. Urban highways like Highway 55 were intentionally routed through predominantly Black communities. In 1960, 80 percent of the Twin Cities’ Black population lived in the areas where I-35W, I-94, and Highway 55 were placed.
Broken Promises: The Light Rail That Never Came
The METRO Blue Line Extension was originally planned to run through Olson Memorial Highway in the Harrison neighborhood. This project was presented to the community as a reparative infrastructure investment to address the harmful impacts and inequities that continue to persist in our communities after the demolition of Sixth Avenue North and construction of Olson Memorial Highway. MnDOT, Hennepin County and the Metropolitan Council promised to address some of the major pedestrian safety concerns that were well-documented by the community as part of the project.
The announcement of the light rail project spurred large-scale development and displacement. As speculators began buying up property along the proposed route, Harrison residents were forced out of their homes through either the physical demolition of their once-affordable units to make way for “market-rate” housing or through exorbitant rent increases that they were unable to afford. The construction of new “affordable housing” has not kept pace with the loss of affordable units and Harrison residents continue to feel the pressure of gentrification and potential displacement from their community.
Plans changed in 2020 when it was announced that, due to opposition from BNSF Railway, the light rail extension would no-longer be constructed along Olson Memorial Highway. The modest but much-needed pedestrian safety improvements and improved transit access would no longer come to Harrison and Near North. Unfortunately the damage of displacement and speculative development had already been done. Despite the fact that the Minneapolis segment of the route has changed, our communities demand pedestrian safety improvements that are crucial for residents to be able to safely move within their own neighborhoods and restore the corridor to its original use, a vibrant street and cultural corridor with walkable access to amenities and economic opportunities.
A Continued Risk to Public Health
The Minneapolis neighborhoods along Olson Memorial Highway are exposed to some of the region’s highest levels of air pollution. According to data from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA), total air pollution in these communities is among the highest 20% statewide, with fine particulate pollution (PM 2.5) in the highest 10%. Total air pollution along Olson Memorial Highway is over double the level deemed unhealthy by the MPCA. Traffic emissions are by far the largest pollution source, accounting for 55% of total air pollution along the highway. Consequently, the MPCA has identified the neighborhoods bordering Olson Memorial Highway as an area of concern for environmental justice.
Air pollution from traffic has a serious impact on human health. The EPA states that “pollution exposures related to roadway traffic include higher rates of asthma onset and aggravation, cardiovascular disease, impaired lung development in children, pre-term and low-birthweight infants, childhood leukemia, and premature death.” These impacts are a significant contributor to severe health disparities. The 55411 zip code, which includes the entirety of Olson Memorial Highway in Minneapolis, has the highest rate of asthma hospitalization in the seven county metropolitan area. The life expectancies of Near North residents are among the shortest in the region, nearly 7 years below the state average.
Decision Makers & Targets
Minnesota Department of Transportation
City of Minneapolis
|Mayor||Jacob Frey||[email protected]||612-673-2100|
|Mayor Chief of Staff||Mychal Vlatkovich||[email protected]||612-673-3665|
|Director of Strategic Partnerships | Affordable Housing||Andrea Inouye||[email protected]||612-673-2984|
|Senior Policy Aide||Becky Boland||[email protected]||612-673-2100|
|Public Safety||Jared Jeffries||[email protected]||612-368-0552|
|Director of Policy and Government Affairs||Peter Ebnet||[email protected]||612-673-2156|
|Director of Economic Development & Policy Inclusion||Rebecca Fabunmi||[email protected]||612-673-3711|
|Communications Director||Tara Niebeling||[email protected]||612-673-3825|
|Office Associate||Tou Tou Khamsot||[email protected]||612-673-3477|
|Press Secretary||Katie Lauer||[email protected]||612-673-2100|
|Public Works Director||Margaret Anderson Kelliher|
|Deputy Director and City Engineer||Bryan Dodds||[email protected]||612-673-3061|
|Transportation Planning Manager||Nathan Koster||[email protected]||612-246-0220|
|Transportation Planning Manager||Kathleen Mayell||[email protected]v||612-419-9835|
|Transportation Planning Director||Jenifer Hager||[email protected]||612-673-3625|
Minneapolis City Council
|Ward 1 Council Member||Elliott Payne||[email protected]||612-673-2201|
|Ward 1 Policy Aide||Benjamin Carrier||[email protected]||612-673-2003|
|Ward 1 Policy Aide||Liam Davis Temple||[email protected]||612-673-7920|
|Ward 2 Council Member||Robin Wonsley||[email protected]||612-673-2202|
|Ward 2 Policy Aide||Qannani Omar||[email protected]||612-673-7142|
|Ward 2 Policy Aide||Celeste Robinson||[email protected]||612-673-3654|
|Ward 3 Council Member||Michael Rainville||[email protected]||612-673-2203|
|Ward 3 Policy Aide||Ryan San Cartier||[email protected]||612-673-3142|
|Ward 3 Policy Aide||Henry Jarvinen||[email protected].gov||612-673-3126|
|Ward 4 Council Member||Latrisha Vetaw||[email protected]||612-673-2204|
|Ward 4 Policy Aide||Betsy Brock||[email protected]||612-673-3313|
|Ward 4 Policy Aide||Maggie Kohl||[email protected]||612-673-7930|
|Ward 5 Council Member||Jeremiah Ellison||[email protected]||612-673-2205|
|Ward 5 Policy Aide||Dieu Do||[email protected]||612-673-3198|
|Ward 5 Policy Aide||Bethany Turnwall||[email protected]||612-673-7140|
|Ward 6 Council Member||Jamal Osman||[email protected]||612-673-2206|
|Ward 6 Policy Aide||Sean Broom||[email protected]||612-673-3315|
|Ward 6 Policy Aide||Hamdiya Abdulahi||[email protected]||612-673-7139|
|Ward 7 Council Member||Lisa Goodman||[email protected]||612-673-2207|
|Ward 7 Policy Aide||Patrick Sadler||[email protected]||612-673-3195|
|Ward 7 Policy Aide||Zach Schultz||[email protected]||612-673-7144|
|Ward 8Council Member||Andrea Jenkins||[email protected]||612-673-2208|
|Ward 8 Policy Aide||Deebaa Sirdar||[email protected]||612-673-3569|
|Ward 8 Policy Aide||Zoe Bourgerie||[email protected]||612-673-7144|
|Ward 9 Council Member||Jason Chavez||[email protected]||612-673-2209|
|Ward 9 Policy Aide||Zaynab Mohamed||[email protected]||612-673-7196|
|Ward 9 Policy Aide||Aurin Chowdhury||[email protected]||612-673-7145|
|Ward 10 Council Member||Aisha Chughtai||[email protected]||612-673-2210|
|Ward 10 Policy Aide||LyLy Vang Yang||[email protected]||612-673-3197|
|Ward 10 Policy Aide||Yasmin Hirsi||[email protected]||612-673-7169|
|Ward 11 Council Member||Emily Koski||[email protected]||612-673-2211|
|Ward 11 Policy Aide||Melissa Hill||[email protected]||612-673-3314|
|Ward 11 Policy Aide||Corinne Horowitz||[email protected]||612-673-7143|
|Ward 12 Council Member||Andrew Johnson||[email protected]||612-673-2212|
|Ward 12 Policy Aide||Kate Nelson||[email protected]||612-673-2378|
|Ward 12 Policy Aide||Dylan Kesti||[email protected]||612-673-7138|
|Ward 13 Council Member||Linea Palmisano||[email protected]||612-673-2213|
|Ward 13 Policy Aide||John Freude||[email protected]||612-673-3199|
|Ward 13 Policy Aide||Ruth Olson||[email protected]||612-673-7147|
State and National Representatives
|Senator||Bobby Joe Champion||[email protected]||651-296-9246|
|Bobby Joe Champion Legislative Assistant||Shemeka Bogan||651-296-9246|
|Representative||Esther Agbaje||[email protected]||651-296-8659|
|Esther Agbaje Legislative Assistant||Shenika Chambers||651-297-8387|
|Congresswoman||Ilhan Omar||[email protected]||202-225-4755|
|Senior Community Representative||Akolade Gbadamosi||[email protected]|
|Representative||Frank Hornstein||[email protected]||651-296-9281|
|Frank Hornsetin Legislative Assistant||Dan Dodge||651-296-9281|
|Senator||Scott Dibble||[email protected]||651-296-4191|
|Scott Dibble Legislative Assistant||Beth Ethier||651-296-4191|
|Representative||Fue Lee||[email protected]||651-296-4262|
|Fue Lee Legislative Assistant||Blake Wilcox||651-296-8803|
|Representative||Sydney Jordan||[email protected]||651-296-4219|
|Sydney Jordan Legislative Assistant||Matt Baumann||651-296-9676|
|Hennepin County Commissioner||Irene Fernando||[email protected]||612-348-7882|
|Irene Fernando Communications and Policy Aide||Akhilesh Menawat||[email protected]|
|Irene Fernando Constituent Services and Policy Aide||Bill Emory||[email protected]|
|Hennepin County Commissioner||Marion Greene||[email protected]||612-348-7883|
|Marion Green Policy Aide||Elie Farhat||[email protected]||612-348-7125|
|Marion Greene District Aide and Scheduler||Laura Hoffman||[email protected]||612-348-0863|
|Hennepin County Commissioner||Angela Conley||[email protected]||612-348-7884|
|Angela Conley Policy Aide||Binta Kanteh||[email protected]||612-348-5204|
|Angela Conley District Outreach and Scheduler||Shanese Reed||[email protected]||612-348-3204|
Historical photos from 6th Avenue South and the Olson Memorial Highway are sourced from the Hennepin County Library.